HAK ANAK ATAS IDENTITAS DAN KRITERIA ANAK SAH MENURUT HUKUM

Maidin Gultom

Abstract


The origins of a person can only be proven by an authentic birth certificate, issued by the competent authorized official  (Article 55 of Law No. 1 of 1974). Article 27 of Law No. 35 of 2014 on the amendment of Law No. 23 of 2002 on Child Protection, determines that (1) Identity of every child should be given since birth; (2) The identity referred to in paragraph (1) shall be recorded on the birth certificate, (3) Preparation of birth certificate is based on a letter from the person who witnessed and / or assist in the birth (4) In the case of children the process of birth is unknown, and the her whereabouts are unknown, the birth certificate for the child based on the information people find it. Marital status is to determine the status of children. Legitimate child born of a valid marriage, and if the child were born it was not for a valid marriage (Article 2 of Law No. 1 of 1971). In practice, it also raises a problem where that in fact there are people who embrace religion, which in fact has not been recognized juridical existence in Indonesia, such as the Anglican, Ortodhox and others. Officers often do not understand that the religion of the foregoing, it has not been recognized in Indonesia but in fact can be categorized in the "cult" whose existence is recognized in Indonesia. So it should be understood that in Indonesia may no religion (which admittedly Moslem, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism) but trust in the Lord God Almighty (not to be atheists or communists or not believe in God Almighty) , This resulted that even children can get a birth certificate, are considered not from a legal marriage and only had the mother's name on the deed. A birth certificate without naming her father, stigmatizing the child as a bastard. No other legally constituted for the welfare of the people (expediency) formed the legal means do not make us, our children and grandchildren suffer / suffered harm, including physical, mental, and social.

 

Keywords: Right, Children, Identity, Legitimate, Legal


Full Text:

Hlm. 85-100

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ISSN 2477-8176 (Cetak)

ISSN 2548-5989 (Online)